Mosquitoes are one of the most deadliest insect found on the planet. This tiny little insect are the cause of so many death especially among children. There are so many disease like Malaria, dengue, yellow fever, west nile virus are the few diseases that are spread due to mosquitoes. Every year thousands of children die due to malaria in African countries. They are also very annoying and give many sleepless night. There are many traps, pesticides and zappers to control the mosquito population. But the best solution to prevent mosquito bite is using DEET based mosquito repellent.
While there are 3000 species of mosquitoes, most are similar in appearance and habitat. In North America, there are 150 known species. To determine if you have mosquitoes or just a common housefly, look at the wings to spot the pair of scaled wings all mosquitoes have. They also have a pair of halteres and thin bodies with most having six long legs. Some are smaller than 15 millimeters in length while others are significantly larger. These insects seem to be very fragile creatures but they are quite durable, especially when it comes to treating them.
The Mosquito Danger to Humans
Mosquitoes are anything but safe because they carry a wide range of severe illnesses including malaria, dengue, yellow fever and encephalitis. In addition to this, many people are allergic to their bite. The bite mosquitoes make on people or animals can cause red, swollen areas that itch. Over time, most people do develop immunity to mosquito bites, but these creatures are still dangerous because of the infectious disease they can carry. Those with a weakened or compromised immune system should take precautions against mosquitoes. Since mosquitoes are danger to human, it is important that certain measures to be taken to protect ourselves. One of the best option to prevent mosquito bites is to use mosquito repellents. There are many types of mosquito repellents and the most effective mosquito repellent with DEET. For small babies mosquito repellent with less concentration should be use. You can check out best mosquito repellent for infants here. If you are allergic to synthetic mosquito repellents, you can always use natural mosquito repellent.
Facts about Mosquitoes
The earliest recorded presence of mosquito’s dates back to 144 million years ago during the Cretaceous period; these household pests are resilient. They have four distinct life cycles starting with an egg and progressing to a larval, pupal and then an adult. The lifespan of mosquitoes is on average four days, but others will survive overwinter to lay eggs in the spring. These pests will remain outdoors for the most part, but will come into homes where light, warmth or a host may be available. Mosquitoes like to breed near standing water, so removing sources can be one way to prevent larva development.
Only the female of the species extracts blood through the piercing and sucking devices in the mouth. When a female bites a person, a nerve stimulation substance causes the reaction. The mosquito uses the blood to produce eggs rather than for consumption. Some varieties do not use an animal or human host at all, but rather feed on the larva of other insects. In some cases, it is possible to use this type of mosquito to help control the population of other mosquitoes in the area, though this is best only for large infestations of animal-host mosquitoes. Signs of a Mosquito Infestation
In general, mosquitoes are noticeable when they come into an area. A variety of things attract them, including smells and light, but in some cases, they simply seek out a host to bite. In all cases, the most common way to know you have an infestation of mosquitoes is by noticing a larger number of the flying creatures in a small area. This may indicate a large population of the insects. It is nearly impossible to spot eggs or larva from this species and thus, most people will not know they have an infestation until the pests are adults and are flying. How to Get Rid of Mosquitoes Since mosquitoes most commonly remain outdoors, controlling mosquitoes is only possible in a limited fashion. It is possible to use mosquito control devices, such as electric zappers which work best in heavy population situations.
Repellants can work too, in a limited fashion, since you must apply these to your skin to get the best results. Those containing diethyl carbate, ethyl hexanediol, diethyl phthalate and similar chemicals are the best at reducing the bite of these pests. Citronella, in the form of candles or oils can also work, but it is not as effective as skin topical treatments. Mosquitoes are more than just a nuisance in the backyard on a summer day. In addition to the information listed here, keep in mind that mosquitoes are attracted to open pools of water. This is where breeding occurs. To prevent infestations, ensure there are no containers holding rainwater or other water for any length of time. It is nearly impossible to eradicate all mosquitoes from the entire yard, though.